The vegetation of Indian village camp


By Priyanka Shingala

October 13th, 2021

The Indian village outdoor Education Center is located at 3232 Indian Village Rd, Columbus, OH 43221. Latitude 40.0197857 and longitude -83.0985205. It is along the Scioto River trail and it has a beautiful picnic point and there is a boating club at the park and people enjoy boating and swimming at the river.

ANNOTATED SPECIES LIST

POLYPODPHYTA (ferns)

Dryopteridaceae (wood fern family)

Polystichum acrostichoides. Christmas fern. Native. Found in wooded areas and streambanks. It enjoys a slightly shady habitat, and while the christmas fern can grow in colonies, it can also be found singly. The common name of the christmas fern is due to the fact that the evergreen fronds are often still green  christmas time.

Dryopteris intermedia. Intermediate wood fern. Native. It is popular for woodland or shade gradens. It is easy to grow in well-drained soils and can tolerate high humidity.

Osmundaceae

Osmunda regalis. Royal fern. Invasive. A common fern growing alon g the streams and pools under the forest. There is a fertile frond divergence in royal fern which makes it a “flowering” appearance. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Osmumdastrum cinnamomeum. Cinnamon fern. Native. It grows in moist areas like swamps, bogs, and wet forests. Popular ornamental species along pond margins, riverbanks, or other wet areas in gardens.

Thelypteridaceae (march fern family)

Parathelypteris noveboracensis. New york fern. This perennial fern, the new york fern, is found throughout the United States but is more concentrated in the Northeastern area of the country. It grows in small clumps that from extensive colonies in sunny areas of the woods, along streams, and at the edges of swamps.

PINOPHYTA (gymnosperms)

Cupresaceae (cypress family)

Juniperus virginiana L. eastern red cedar. Native tree. CC=3. A coniferous evergreen tree. The fruit of this tree, juniper berries, is an important food source for birds in the winter. The wood of the eastern red cedar is used in fencing as it is resistant to rot, and it is also used to line closets and chests since it also resists moths.

 

ANGIOSPERMOPHYTA (flowering plants)

Acanthaceae (acanthus family)

Justicia americana. American water-willow. CC=9. It is a perennial aquatic plant that will grow from 1-3 feet above the water. Commonly found growing along streams, it forms dense colonies that help to stabalize shorelines.

Anacardiaceae (cashew family)

Toxicodendron radicans (L.). Kuntze poison-ivy. Native vine. CC=1. An obnoxious weed because, despite its unthreating looks, it gives a highly unpleasant contact rash to the unfortunate person who touces it. Still, it is commonly eaten by many animals, and the seeds are a favorite with birds.

Asteraceae (aster family)

Ageratina altissima. White snakeroot. Native. CC=3. This plant contains a toxin called tremetol which causes a potentially fatal illness. If animals who are lactating eat white snakeroot, the tremetol is secreted in the milk and can be passed on to humans in this way.

White snakeroot

Helianthus tuberosus. Jerusalem artichoke.Native CC=3. It is a type of sunflower also called the sunroot, sunchoke,and the earth apple. The lower portion of this plant can be used as a root vegetable.

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae. New england aster. Native. CC=2. It is widely cultivated for ornamental horticulture and as a garden plant. Attracts a variety of birds.

Symphyotrichum oolentrangiense. Skyblue aster. CC=7. A perennial that will grow to 3 feet tall. It blooms from August to October with small, sky blue flowers. It is easy to grow and is drought-tolerant.

Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle family)

Lonicera maackii. Amur honeysuckle. Common in woods. Especially aggressive weed in calcereous woodland in Ohio.

Cornaceae (dogwood family)

Cornus florida. L. Flowering dogwood. Native small tree. CC=5. Renowned for its wide canopy and plentiful spring blooms. Indivudual white or pink “flower” is actually a flower head that contains four oval bracts and a cluster of tiny yellow true flowers. Because of its decorative canopy, prolific spring blooming, and attractive red autumn leaves and berries.

Fabaceae (mustard family)

Securigera varia. Common crownvetch. CC=0. A vine that often gets employeed to prevent soil erosion. It grows low to the ground, and its complex root system can hold soil in place.

Fagaceae (beech family)

Fagus grandifolia. American beech. CC=7. A deciduous tree can be found naturally in ravines, slopes, and valleys of eastern areas of North America.

 

Quercus montana. Chestnut oak. CC=7. Used infrequently for the timber it may provide since the tree often does not grow completely straight and usually has multiple branches. Due to high tanin content in the bark, this tree was used extensively to tan leather prior to the 20th century and the wood would be discarded.

Hamamelidaceae

Hamamelis virginiana. Witch-hazel. CC=5. It was used quite commonly in the 20th century for locating water sources. The practice, called drowsing or water witching, is still occasionally used. In drowsing, a forked stick of witch hazel is held perpendicular to the ground and moved slowly over it.

Hippocastanceae (horsechestnut family)

Aseculus hippocastanum. Horse chestnut. CC=0. The seeds are bitter and toxic. The leaves fall when the tree blooms. Often planted in parks and gardens as an accent. It requires sunny,warm,moist environment.

Aesculus glabra. Ohio buckeye. Native tree. CC=6. Crushed fruits and twigs were once used to kill fish for food, but this is now illegal.

Juglandaceae (walnut family)

Juglans nigra. Black walnut. CC=5. Cultivated for nutritous walnuts and the high-quality dark timber. It produces a juglone, a compund that inhibits the growth of other plants in the walnut tree’s proximity, so it may be undesirable near lawns and gardens.

Fraxinus quadrangulata. Blue ash. CC=7. A flowering plant species that is indigenous to the midwestern United States. Grows in moist valley soils and serves as an important food source for frogs.

Blue Ash

Monoraceae (mulberry)

Morus alba. White mulberry. A unique and easy-to-grow edible landscaping plant, the white mulberry is prized for its tasty fruits as well as its exquisite ornamental appeal. Originally native to China, this plant was valued for its role in silk production: silkworms will only eat the leaves of whote mulberry tree.

Oleaceae (olive family)

Fraxinus nigra. Black ash. CC=7. A deciduous tree that grows 40-50 feet tall. Has an attractive dark gray or brown bark and its limbs ascend upward to from a small canopy.

Fraxinus americana. White ash. Native. CC= 6. Its leaves turn distinctly bright yellow or ored in the autumn. Fraxinus americana is a fast-growing pioneer species that often inhabits riparian zones, and fragmented and disturbed habitats.

Fraxinus ornus. Manna ash. A deciduous tree that will grow from 15-25 feet tall. It blooms from May to June with showy clusters of white flowers. Thrives in full sun with moist to dry, well-drained soil. Requires both male and female trees in order to produce seed.

Onagraceae (primose family)

Oenothera biennis. Evening-primose. Native.CC=0. A herbaceous perennial plant recognized by its yellow flowers which open in the evening and close again at sunrise. It’s often cultivated as a adecorative plants, especially in drought prone areas.

Pinaceae (pine family)

Tsuga canadensis. Eastern hemlock. Native. This conifer is unusual in that terminal leader often droops instead of giving the tree a typical pointed top like that of most trees in the pine family.

Pinus strobus. Eastern white pine. Native. CC=0. It is a long-lived evergreen tree. Considered one of the tallest trees in its native area. It has a straight-grained lightwieght wood, highly  valued in construction.

Rosacaeae (rose family)

Pyrus calleryana. Callery pear. Native to china and Vietnam. Although the small fruit is unfit for human consumption, callery pear is planted as an ornamnetal tree for its spring blooms and showy autumn colors.

Rosa canina. Dog rose. The plant is known for climbing as it grows and can even be found climbing up different trees.

Sapindaceae

Acer rubrum. Red maple. Native. CC=2. It has distinctive red leaves and flower buds. Its sap can be made into maple syrup and the wood is good for furniture. Though non-toxic to humans, the leaves are very toxic to horses.