PRAIRIE AND FEN 05/25/18

(Trip to Cedar Bog that isn’t a Bog)

What is a Tallgrasss prairie ? Tallgrass prairie is a grassland filled with tall grasses that can obtain a height of 6 ft. One main cause of prairies is the result of fires. Fires can replace essential minerals and nutrients in soil. This will reduce and restrict tree growth, enabling prairie grasses to establish and flourish. A few areas or location you can find prairies in Ohio are at Big Darby Plains, Killdeer Prairie, Kitty Todd Nature Preserve, and many more locations throughout Ohio. Plants that can be found in prairies include Big bluestem, Indian grass, Switch grass,and little bluestem

Source: http://www.landscope.org/explore/ecosystems/disappearing_landscapes/tallgrass_prairie/

Conditions and description Cedar Bog fen and swamp forest

Cedar Bog is actually not a bog but a fen. Fens are formed when glaciers retreat. Grasses and sedges are most common plants found in fens. The reason Cedar Bog is actually a bog not a fen is due to the fact that it have water exchange compared to a Bog which is just standing water.  The results of the splitting of the glaciers caused Cedar bog to have water coming from both directions and it being lower in altitude compared to mad river cause water to trickle down and fill up underground aquifer while it was retreating back. Thus creating the Bog fen and swamp forest.

Source: https://www.cedarbognp.org/ also the tour guide

Scavenger Hunt 

Bottlebrush Sedge (Carex Hystericina)

Sedge forms a dense to loose tuft of culms with alternate leaves. Has both fertile and infertile shoots. Carex hystericina is widespread and common, even weedy, in regions with calcareous substrates. Prefer full to partial sun and live in wet and moist environments

Source: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=cahy4 and http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/grasses/plants/porc_sedge.htm

 

Spike Sedge (Eleocharis Palustris)

Long lived. Best in full sun to part shade. Plants are typically grown in ponds, bogs or other shallow water areas. Is  native to marshes, wet meadows,and wetlands. Stems may grow to as much as 4′ tall. The stem also provides photosynthesis for sedge.

Source: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=279748&isprofile=0&

 

Deep Woods, the Appalachian Gametophyte, and Ohio Geobotany 05/19/18

On Saturday we visited a privately owned natural park. I was assigned to identify 3 different types of Lichen we came across on our trip.

Fluffy Dust Lichen (Lepraria finkii)

Habitat:  Grows on rocks and tress in the shade. Most shade tolerant lichen out there

Distribution: Eastern US species common in Ohio

Similar Species: 7 species of Dust lichen all share the same general appearance

Fun Fact: “The main vegetative body (thallus) is made of patches of soredia (little balls of algae wrapped in fungus)”

Source:  Common Lichens of Ohio field guide (Division of wildlife) by Robert A Kilps and Ray Showman and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepraria

Common Powderhorn Lichen (Cladonia coniocraea)

Habitat: Grows on old bark wood. Somewhat shade toleration

Distribution: Widely distributed in eastern US, common in Ohio

Similar Species: Not other lichen has podetia arising from the center of a squamule

Fun Fact: “Cladonia spices are of economic importance to reindeer-herders”

Source: Common Lichens of Ohio field guide (Division of wildlife) by Robert A Kilps and Ray Showman  and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cladonia

Common GreenShield Lichen (Flavoparmelia Caperata)

Habitat: Wide Variety of tree species, but never on rocks

Distribution:  Widely distributed in eastern US, most common in Ohio

Similar Species: Sister species Rock Green Shield Lichen

Fun Fact: “It is one of the most common lichens in America, often easily spotted along roadside”

Source: Common Lichens of Ohio field guide (Division of wildlife) by Robert A Kilps and Ray Showman and http://wildwoodpark.atwebpages.com/today/Species_of_the_Week/SOW32_greenshieldlichen.htm

Comparison of Darby Creek and Deep Woods

Based on our reading Linking Geology and Botany by Jane L. Forsyth we were able to visually compare the types of trees/plants we saw at Darby Creek and Deep Woods and the reasoning behind it.  In Darby Creek saw plants that were common in eastern Ohio calcareous site for example Redbuds (Cercis Canadensis), Hawthorn (Crateagus Mollis) and Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenberhii). These plants we saw were consistent with the article. Same goes for DEEP woods which is an acid sandstone place we saw Hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis),Pink ladies’ slipper (Cypripedium acaule) and Greenbrier (smilac glauca).

Environmental Conditions

In Deep woods we found the Appalachian Gametophyte in a shaded, cool area with limited sunlight. The cave made out of sandstones was able to offer the shade.

 

Battelle Darby Creek Metropark 05/16/18

Slippery Elm (Ulmus Rubia)

Splippery Elm is part of the Elm family (Ulmaceae). Slippery Elm has a great medicinal value its inner bark was used by Native American to clear throat irritation and is still being used today to treat cough, sore throat, diarrhea, constipation and many more synonymy. Slippery Elm is alternate, simple, and serrate. Native to eastern north america.

Source: https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-978/slippery-elm

Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)

Paw trees also have medicinal  purposes they are used to treat fever, vomiting, and pain. Pawpaw trees are alternate, simple, and entire. Pawpaw tress will particularly grow anywhere with the available resources.

Source: https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-278/american-pawpaw